Online eye movement desensitization and reprocessing for the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (Alpha Psychiatry)

Editorial comment regarding the use of online EMDR for PTSD.

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Randomized controlled trial investigating web-based, therapist delivered eye movement desensitization and reprocessing for adults with suicidal ideation (Frontiers in Psychiatry)

This study investigated the application of online EMDR therapy in the treatment of suicidal ideation.

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Effectiveness of behavioral and pharmacological interventions for depressive symptoms following spinal cord injury: Findings from a systematic review (Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)

A systematic review of treatment interventions following spinal cord injury.

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Technical Innovations in Delivering EMDR Therapy

Theunissen discusses technical innovations in EMDR and research on their efficacy and effectiveness in clinical practice.

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Addressing mental health need after COVID-19: A systematic review of remote EMDR therapy studies as an emerging option (Frontiers in Psychiatry)

This meta-analysis demonstrates the feasibility and potential efficacy of online EMDR as an accessible therapeutic option during times of limited in-person interaction.

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An advanced solution based on machine learning for remote EMDR therapy (Technologies)

This study aimed to verify the efficacy virtual interfaces in obtaining results comparable to in-presence psychotherapy.

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Online Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing Therapy for Chronic Pain: A Pilot Controlled Trial (Journal of EMDR Practice and Research)

Online Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing Therapy for Chronic Pain: A Pilot Controlled Trial

The study provides a preliminary evaluation of the effectiveness of online eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR).

Article Abstract

“The study aimed to provide a preliminary evaluation of the acceptability and effectiveness of online eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) compared with a waitlist control (WLC). A pilot nonrandomized controlled trial was conducted. Eighteen adults experiencing chronic pain completed the study (nEMDR = 10; ncontrol = 8). The intervention group received up to 10 weekly sessions of online EMDR. The control group received treatment as usual. Participants completed baseline and post-intervention measures assessing posttraumatic stress, pain severity, interference, and catastrophizing, and depression levels. Additionally, the online EMDR group participants provided feedback on intervention acceptability and satisfaction. The online EMDR group demonstrated significant reductions in both trauma and pain-related outcomes; depression levels did not significantly change. No significant change was observed in any outcome within the control group. After the WLC also received the intervention, additional analysis results demonstrated similar effects but did not reach statistical significance, except for depression. Overall, online EMDR appeared acceptable and positively received by participants. The study provides preliminary support that online delivery of EMDR may reduce trauma- and pain-related outcomes in individuals experiencing chronic pain. Further large-scale research is warranted to substantiate these findings. Limitations and implications are discussed.”

—Description from publisher

Article Access

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Rosser, B. A., Agostinis, A. & Bond, J. (2023). Online Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing Therapy for Chronic Pain: A Pilot Controlled Trial. Journal of EMDR Practice and Research, 17(4), 186-199. https://doi.org/10.1891/EMDR-2023-0009

 


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“Without it, I am not sure I would still be here”: A mixed methods service evaluation for online EMDR trauma therapy in a primary care network in England (Frontiers in Psychiatry)

Article findings underscore the potential of EMDR and online EMDR as an accessible and effective approach within primary care settings.

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The effect of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing-based online group counseling for university students: Psychological need satisfaction, psychological resilience, psychological well-being, and small ‘t’ trauma (Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy)

This study highlights how trauma treatment like EMDR therapy can be useful for those without major trauma.

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Provision of online eye movement and desensitization therapy (EMDR) for people with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD): A multi-method service evaluation (European Journal of Psychotraumatology)

This article assesses how online Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) compared to in-person EMDR in people with PTSD.

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The Effectiveness of Online EMDR 2.0 Group Protocol on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms, Depression, Anxiety, and Stress in Individuals Who Have Experienced a Traffic Accident: A Preliminary Study (Journal of EMDR Practice and Research)

The Effectiveness of Online EMDR 2.0 Group Protocol on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms, Depression, Anxiety, and Stress in Individuals Who Have Experienced a Traffic Accident: A Preliminary Study

This is a preliminary study that aims to explore the role of EMDR 2.0 on groups by developing the EMDR 2.0 group protocol (EMDR 2.0 GP).

Article Abstract

Introduction: As an innovative procedure, eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) 2.0, which is based on standard EMDR, draws attention with its promising results. The adaptation of EMDR 2.0 to groups will be a significant contribution to the psychology literature. Considering the effectiveness of EMDR 2.0 on individual applications, this is a preliminary study that aims to explore the role of EMDR 2.0 on groups by developing the EMDR 2.0 group protocol (EMDR 2.0 GP).

Methods: In this pilot study, EMDR 2.0 GP is applied to a group of seven participants who had been exposed to a traffic incident. The role of EMDR 2.0 GP (three sessions; 3.5 hours in total) on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, depression, anxiety, and stress was measured. The Impact of Event Scale—Revised and the Depression-Anxiety-Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21) were used to assess these symptoms at pretreatment, one-week posttreatment, and one-month posttreatment.

Results: The participants (mean age = 47.14 ± 9.65) with a traffic accident experience (mean of the time elapsed = 88.57 ± 38.24 months) received EMDR 2.0 GP. Results showed that the EMDR 2.0 group had significantly lower depression (χ² [2, n = 7] = 9.364, p = .009, Kendall’s W = .668) and stress (χ² [2, n = 7] = 8.667, p = .013, Kendall’s W = .619) on the subscales of DASS-21 and lower intrusions (χ² [2, n = 7] = 6.333, p = .042, Kendall’s W = .452), avoidance (χ² [2, n = 7] = 7.280, p = .026, Kendall’s W = .520), and hyperarousal (χ² [2, n = 7]) = 10.800, p = .005, Kendall’s W = .771) at posttreatment.

Conclusion: The pilot study of EMDR 2.0 GP indicated that this newly developed protocol that was first applied to the group may be effective in reducing depression, stress, and PTSD symptoms among a nonclinical sample. This pilot study supports future randomized controlled EMDR GP applications.”

—Description from publisher

Article Access

Free Access for EMDRIA Members or Purchase/Subscription Required

Yaşar, A. B., Kavakçı, Ö., Çiftçi, Z. Z., Tunca, G. A., Uygun, E., Gündoğmuş, İ., Kubilay, D., Aksöz, Y., Deveci, H., & Konuk, E. (2023). The Effectiveness of Online EMDR 2.0 Group Protocol on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms, Depression, Anxiety, and Stress in Individuals Who Have Experienced a Traffic Accident: A Preliminary Study. Journal of EMDR Practice and Research, 17(3), 171–184. https://doi.org/10.1891/EMDR-2023-0003

 


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Online EMDR Group Psychotherapy

Online EMDR Group Psychotherapy

Due to the increase in demand for therapy and EMDR showing signs of online effectiveness, forming online groups seemed like a natural next step to reach out to a larger expected audience. However, few EMDR therapists have training in group dynamics. In addition, there is already substantial evidence that reprocessing is effective with varied clients at the same time, as in group protocols (Jarero et al., 2014; Shapiro & Laub, 2014), but not multiple clients with simultaneous varied complaints. I shall detail a pilot experience with online group psychotherapy, addressing some of these most recent changes and offering suggestions for an integrative theoretical and practice model.

Learn more in this article from the Summer 2023 issue Group Therapy of Go With That Magazine™️ by André Maurício Monteiro.


An open access version of this article is available at EMDRIA’s Focal Point blog, published September 25, 2023. 

 


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