We have been saddened and outraged at the brutal deaths of Black Americans like George Floyd, Breonna Taylor, and Ahmaud Arbery, among many others. These traumatic events have signaled yet again to the need for systemic change and have opened a greater public awareness that Black people are being targeted because of their skin color, and have been for too long. These tragic deaths have created a societal tipping point as we begin to have our collective eyes opened to the systemic oppression and silence that Black, Indigenous, and People of Color (BIPOC) Americans have faced for centuries at the hands of White Americans. Although it feels overwhelming to make a difference against this system, that is what many of you as trauma therapists signed up to do. To mend divides, to heal trauma, to raise awareness, and advocate for those who need it most.
Right now, the Black community needs us to listen and to act. We have collected some resources that may be helpful on this journey of learning, UNlearning, and growing. We want to become better listeners and active advocates as we empower each other to dismantle systems of racism and oppression.
Members of the online community EMDRIA Diversity, Community & Culture started this resource list. Participation in our online communities is an EMDRIA member benefit. Please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org with additional resources, or add them to the Diversity, Community & Culture library.
Antiracism Resources for Mental Health Professionals
Events and Training Opportunities: (Please Note - some are free, and some may be at cost.)
- 101 Racialized Trauma Course. Resmaa Menakem's Cultural Somatics Training & Institute. https://culturalsomaticsuniversity.thinkific.com/courses/racialized-trauma-home-study-course
- Create Meaningful Change in Your Community: African American Multi-Generational Trauma & Implementing Models of Change. Dr. Joy Degruy. https://www.joydegruy.com/online-course
- Culturally and Racially Attuned Workshops, Training and Supervision. Mary Pender Greene. https://marypendergreene.com/antiracist/
- EMDRIA Annual Conference 2020.
- The Elephant in the Room: Systemic Racism and Psychotherapy. Quandra Chaffers, Wendy Ashley, David Archer and Rocio Hernandez.
- Healing the Healer: EMDR-IGTP-OTS & Vicarious Trauma in Black Clinicians. Quandra Chaffers & Karla Brown
- EMDR Therapy with an Afrocentric Critical Race Perspective. Wendy Ashley & Allen Lipscomb https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zDNhGDDr7o4&list=PLN9q8RvZD5hcKjcWlb3ZNTxcXN3gZIpGC&index=10
- Racial Trauma, Neurons, and EMDR: The Path Towards an Anti-Racist Psychotherapy. David Archer. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yE_0SCiUS08&list=PLN9q8RvZD5hcKjcWlb3ZNTxcXN3gZIpGC&index=2
- EMDR Diversity & THe Spectrum of Trauma Prevention. Rocio Hernandez. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-LdlJzCgq34&list=PLN9q8RvZD5hcKjcWlb3ZNTxcXN3gZIpGC&index=8
- Hey, White Therapist, Here's Where We Start. Clearly Clinical. Click here to learn more.
- Practical, compassionate guidance for white therapists wanting to be more effective in their work with people of color.
- How Racism Impacts Those We Serve and How We Serve: Are We Meeting Participants Where They Are? McSilver Institute for Poverty Policy and Research. New York University. https://mcsilver.nyu.edu/racial-oppression-resources/
- Identity, Bias, and Cultural Humility: Connecting to Ourselves and Others. McSilver Institute for Poverty Policy and Research. New York University. https://mcsilver.nyu.edu/racial-oppression-resources/
- Legacies of Pain and Resilience: Clinical Implications for Understanding Historical Trauma and Race. McSilver Institute for Poverty Policy and Research. New York University. https://mcsilver.nyu.edu/racial-oppression-resources/
- Mental Health and Substance Use Disorder in the Era of COVID-19: With a Special Focus on the Impact of the Pandemic on Communities of Color: A Workshop. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, Medicine.
- The COVID-19 pandemic has created both short-term and long-term negative consequences for behavioral health outcomes. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine's Forum on Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders will host a series of free public virtual workshops on November 23, 2020; December 3, 2020; and December 14, 2020. Archived recordings of the webinar will be available within a few business days of the events at the link above.
- Race and Trauma: Race-based Traumatic Stress and Psychological Injury. Community Technical Assistance Center of New York. https://ctacny.org/training/race-and-trauma-race-based-traumatic-stress-and-psychological-injury
- Race, Poverty & Trauma: Microaggressions and the Therapeutic Alliance: Exploring Ethnically and Racially Diverse Clinician-Participant Relationships. Community Technical Assistance Center of New York. https://ctacny.org/training/race-poverty-trauma-microaggressions-and-therapeutic-alliance-exploring-ethnically-and
- Stand Apart: Diversity and Inclusion Certificate. Cornell University. Click here to learn more.
- Includes four courses: Improving Engagement, Counteracting Unconscious Bias, Diversity and Inclusion at Work, and Fostering an Inclusive Climate. "... the courses in this program will help learn actionable strategies to increase employee engagement, counter unconscious bias, and build an inclusive and aware work culture."
- Transforming White Privilege: A 21st Century Leadership Capacity. Racial Equity Tools. https://www.racialequitytools.org/module/overview/transforming-white-privilege#
- When Client/Therapist Values Clash: The Diversity Training EVERY Clinician Needs Right Now. Clearly Clinical. https://courses.clearlyclinical.com/courses/free-ceu-diversity-social-work
- White Supremacist Violence: Clinically Understanding the Resurgence and Stopping the Spread. Clearly Clinical. https://courses.clearlyclinical.com/courses/ceu-white-supremacy-violence
- Racial Trauma in America. Panel discussion about racial trauma with an application to mental health treatment and clinical supervision. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=
- Panelists: Dr. Makungu Akinyela, Dr. Harrison Davis, Dr. Karla Sapp, Dr. Carla Smith
- List of resources recommended by panelists and attendees
- Treating Mental Health in the Black Community. Simple Practice. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JzLqce2GpkU
- Connectfulness. Episode 10: Mending Racialized Trauma: A Body Centered Approach with Resmaa Menakem. Rebecca Wong. https://connectfulness.com/episode/010-resmaa-menakem-racialized-trauma?
- Healing from Systemic Racism using EMDR and Brainspotting with David Archer. Karen Millon. https://healin.libsyn.com/healing-from-systemic-racism-using-emdr-and-brainspotting-with-david-archer
- On Being. Resmaa Menakem 'Notice the Rage; Notice the Silence.' Krista Tippett. https://onbeing.org/programs/resmaa-menakem-notice-the-rage-notice-the-silence/
- The Breakdown. Dr. Earl Turner. https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/the-breakdown-with-dr-earl-a-mental-health-podcast/id1437754602
- Therapy for Black Girls Podcast. Dr. Joy Harden Bradford. https://therapyforblackgirls.com/podcast/
- Two Therapists and a Microphone. Dr. Harrison Davis & Dr. Asha Dickerson. https://www.twotherapists.com/#:~:text=Two%20Therapists%20and%20a%20Microphone%20is%20a%20podcast%20featuring%20insightful,Harrison%20Davis%20and%20Dr.
Books and textbooks:
- Nancy Boyd-Franklin, Elizabeth N. Cleek, Matt Wofsy, & Brian Mundy. (2013). Therapy in the Real World: Effective Treatments for Challenging Problems. Helping beginning and experienced therapists cope with the myriad challenges of working in agencies, clinics, hospitals, and private practice, this book distills the leading theories and best practices in the field. The authors provide a clear approach to engaging diverse clients and building rapport; interweaving evidence-based techniques to meet therapeutic goals; and intervening effectively with individuals, families, groups, and larger systems. Practitioners will find tools for addressing the needs of their clients while caring for themselves and avoiding burnout; students will find a clear-headed framework for making use of the variety of approaches available in mental health practice.
- E. J. R. David (Ed.). (2014). Internalized Oppression: The Psychology of Marginalized Groups. The oppression of various groups has taken place throughout human history. People are stereotyped, discriminated against, and treated unjustly simply because of their social group membership. But what does it look like when the oppression that people face from the outside gets under their skin? Long overdue, this is the first book to highlight the universality of internalized oppression across marginalized groups in the United States from a mental health perspective. It focuses on the psychological manifestations and mental health implications of internalized oppression for a variety of groups. The book provides insight into the ways in which internalized oppression influences the thoughts, attitudes, feelings, and behaviors of the oppressed toward themselves, other members of their group, and members of the dominant group. It also considers promising clinical and community programs that are currently addressing internalized oppression among specific groups. The book describes the implications and unique manifestations of internalized oppression among African Americans, Latinos, Asian Americans, Pacific Islanders, American Indians and Alaska Natives, women, people with disabilities, and the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender community. For each group, the text considers its demographic profile, history of oppression, contemporary oppression, common manifestations and mental and behavioral health implications, clinical and community programs, and future directions. Chapters are written by leading and emerging scholars, who share their personal experiences to provide a real-world point of view. Additionally, each chapter is coauthored by a member of a particular community group, who helps to bring academic concepts to life.
- Joy Degruy (2017). Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome: America's Legacy of Enduring Injury & Healing. With over thirty years of practical experience as a professional in the mental health field, Dr. DeGruy encourages African Americans to view their attitudes, assumptions, and behaviors through the lens of history and so gain a greater understanding of how centuries of slavery and oppression have impacted people of African descent in America. Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome helps to lay the necessary foundation to ensure the well-being and sustained health of future generations and provides a rare glimpse into the evolution of society's beliefs, feelings, attitudes and behavior concerning race in America.
- Kenneth V. Hardy & Toby Bobes (Eds.). (2016). Culturally Sensitive Supervision and Training: Diverse Perspectives and Practical Applications. A comprehensive text that exposes readers to an array of culturally competent approaches to supervision and training. The book consists of contributions from a culturally and professionally diverse group of scholars and clinicians who have been on the frontline of providing culturally competent supervision and training in a variety of settings. Many of the invited contributing authors have developed innovative clinical-teaching strategies for skillfully and effectively incorporating issues of culture into both the classroom and the consulting room. A major portion of the book will provide the reader with an insider’s view of these strategies as well as a plan for implementation, with one chapter devoted to experiential exercises to enhance cultural sensitivity in supervision and training. The text is intended for use in supervision courses, but trainers and supervisors will also find it essential to their work.
- Resmaa Menakem. (2017). My Grandmother's Hands: Racialized Trauma and the Pathway to Mending Our Hearts and Bodies. Resmaa Menakem, MSW, LICSW, is a therapist with decades of experience currently in private practice in Minneapolis, MN, specializing in trauma, body-centered psychotherapy, and violence prevention. In this groundbreaking book, therapist Resmaa Menakem examines the damage caused by racism in America from the perspective of trauma and body-centered psychology. The body is where our instincts reside and where we fight, flee, or freeze, and it endures the trauma inflicted by the ills that plague society. Menakem argues this destruction will continue until Americans learn to heal the generational anguish of white supremacy, which is deeply embedded in all our bodies. Our collective agony doesn't just affect African Americans. White Americans suffer their own secondary trauma as well. So do blue Americans—our police.
- Mark Nickerson. (2017). Cultural Competence and Healing Culturally Based Trauma With EMDR Therapy: Innovative Strategies and Protocols. Underscoring the importance of cultural competence, this groundbreaking book focuses on using EMDR therapy with specific populations, particularly those groups typically stigmatized, oppressed, or otherwise marginalized in society. Drawing on social psychology research and theory as well as social justice and social work principles, it delivers general protocols for EMDR intervention for recovery from the internalized effects of cultural mistreatment. The text defines cultural competence and validates the need for a multi-culturally aware approach to psychotherapy that embraces authentic social identities and attends to the impact of socially based trauma.
- Rajani Venkatraman Levis. Placing Culture at the Heart of EMDR Therapy. Chapter 6, pp. 97-112 of above volume.
- Rajani Venkatraman Levis & Laura Siniego. An Integrative Approach to EMDR Therapy as an Antioppression Endeavor. Chapter 5, pp. 79-96 of above volume.
- Erlanger A. Turner. (2019). Mental Health Among African Americans: Innovations in Research and Practice. In this text, Erlanger A. Turner presents a new theoretical framework for understanding mental health disparities that emphasizes the need for culturally sensitive clinical practices and integration of Afrocentric values in order to address the lower rates of African Americans seeking treatment in the United States. Turner traces this reluctance to the unethical scientific research practices that characterized experiments in recent history, like the well-known Tuskegee Syphilis study, and stresses the need for providers to address race-related stress.
- Bor, J., Venkataramani, A. S., Williams, D. R., & Tsai, A. C. (2018). Police Killings and Their Spillover Effects on the Mental Health of Black Americans: A Population-based, Quasi-experimental Study. Lancet, 392(10144), 302-310. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(18)31130-9. Available here: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6376989/
- Branco, S. F., & Bayne, H. B. (2020). Carrying the burden: Counselors of Color's Experiences of Microaggressions in Counseling. Journal of Counseling & Development, 98(3), 272-282. Open access: https://doi.org/10.1002/jcad.12322
- Comas-Diaz, L., Hall, G. N., & Neville, H. A. (2019). Racial Trauma: Theory, Research, and Healing: Introduction to the Special Issue. American Psychologist, 74(1), 1-5. Open access: doi.org/10.1037/amp0000442
- Combs, G. (2018). White Privilege: What's a Family Therapist To Do? Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 45(1), 61-75. Open access: https://doi.org/10.1111/jmft.12330
- Day-Vines, N. L., Cluxton-Keller, F., Agorsor, C. Gubara, S. & Otabil, N. A. (2019). The multidimensional model of broaching behavior. Journal of Counseling & Development, 98(1), 107-118. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcad.12304
- DiAngelo, R. (2011). White Fragility. The International Journal of Critical Pedagogy, 3(3), 54-70. Open access: https://libjournal.uncg.edu/ijcp/article/view/249
- Dinardo, J. & Marotta-Walters, S. (2019). Cultural Themes and Discourse in EMDR Therapy. Journal of EMDR Practice and Research, 13(2), 111-123. https://dx.doi.org/10.1891/1933-3184.108.40.206
- French, B. H., Lewis, J. A., Mosley, D. V., Adames, H. Y., Chavez-Duenas, N. Y., Chen, G. A., & Neville, H. A. (2019). Toward a Psychological Framework of Radical Healing in Communities of Color. The Counseling Psychologist, 48(1), 14-46. Open access: https://doi.org/10.1177/0011000019843506
- Hemmings, C., & Evans, A. M. (2018). Identifying and Treating Race-based Trauma in Counseling. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 46(1), 20-39. Open access: https://doi.org/10.1002/jmcd.12090
- Lipscomb, A. E., Emeka, M., Bracy, I., Stevenson, V., Lira, A., Barrera Gomez, Y., & Riggins, J. (2019). Black Male Hunting! A Phenomenological Study Exploring the Secondary Impact of Police Induced Trauma on the Black Man's Psyche in the United States. Journal of Sociology and Social Work, 7(1), 11-18. Open access: https://doi.org/10.15640/jssw.v7n1a2
- Parham, W. D., & Clauss-Ehlers, C. S. (2016). Celebrating Our Elders Who Led Us Across the Bridge: A Call to Action for the Academy. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 44(1), 4-27. Open access: https://doi.org/10.1002/jmcd.12034
- Toporek, R. L. (2018). Strength, Solidarity, Strategy, and Sustainability: A Counseling Psychologist's Guide to Social Action. The European Journal of Counselling Psychology, 7(1). Open access: https://doi.org/10.5964/ejcop.v7i1.153
Web Resources and Perspectives:
- American Psychiatric Association. Mental Health Disparities: Diverse Populations. https://www.psychiatry.org/psychiatrists/cultural-competency/education/mental-health-facts
- Chaya Babu. (2017). Why I Left My White Therapist. VICE. https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/d7pa5j/why-i-left-my-white-therapist
- Zahra Barnes. (2020). 44 Mental Health Resources for Black People Trying to Survive in This Country. SELF. https://www.self.com/story/black-mental-health-resources.
- Thema Bryant-Davis. (2020). Moving From Cultural Competence to Antiracism. National Institute for the Clinical Application of Behavioral Medicine [Video]. https://www.nicabm.com/moving-from-cultural-competence-to-antiracism/
- Beth Cortez-Neavel. (2020). As White and White-Passing Counselors, We Must All do the Work to Become Anti-Racist. http://www.bethc-n.com/mental-health-blog/2020/6/3/as-white-and-white-passing-counselors-we-must-all-do-the-work-to-become-anti-racist-includes-resources
- H. C. Dawes. (2020). An Invitation to White Therapists: Are you Ready to Look Within? Medium. Elemental. https://elemental.medium.com/an-invitation-to-white-therapists-a04cc93b1917
- Alyssa Fowers & William Wan. (2020). Depression and Anxiety Spiked Among Black Americans After George Floyd's Death. The Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/health/2020/06/12/mental-health-george-floyd-census/?arc404=true
- Jamie Marich & Guests. (2020). Black Lives Matter Series. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLyzJYMPJ1gAYWcA-xFWFZcQMIlmjlY0CX
- Leah Metzger. (2019). Don't Shoot: Race-Based Trauma and Police Brutality. Taylor University. https://pillars.taylor.edu/ovc-student/7/
- Miranda Nadeau. (2020). 5 Action steps: Anti-Racism Resources for Therapists and Other Helping Professionals. Author's Website. https://www.nadeautherapy.com/anti-racism-for-therapists/
- Kenneth V. Hardy interviewed by Randall C. Wyatt. Kenneth V. Hardy on Multiculturalism and Psychotherapy. Psychotherapy.net. https://www.psychotherapy.net/interview/kenneth-hardy.
- Meghan Holohan. (2020). 'We're looked at as superhuman': How Racism Affects Black Women's Mental Health. Today. https://www.today.com/health/we-re-looked-superhuman-how-racism-affects-black-women-s-t186495?MvBriefArticleId=18009
- Mental Health America. (2020). Black and African American Communities and Mental Health. https://www.mhanational.org/issues/black-and-african-american-communities-and-mental-health
- Mental Health America. (2020). Racism and Mental Health. https://mhanational.org/racism-and-mental-health
- McSilver Institute for Poverty Policy and Research. New York University. Resources for Coping With Addressing Racial Oppression. https://mcsilver.nyu.edu/racial-oppression-resources/
- National Institute for the Clinical Application of Behavioral Medicine. Antiracism Archives . https://www.nicabm.com/category/antiracism/
- Northwestern Family Institute. (2020). Racial Trauma in Film: How Viewers Can Address Re-traumatization. https://counseling.northwestern.edu/blog/racial-trauma-retraumatization-film/
- Lindsey Phillips. (2020). Black Mental Health Matters. Counseling Today. https://ct.counseling.org/2020/07/black-mental-health-matters/?utm_source=counselinginsider&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=counselingtoday&utm_term=article&utm_content=matters&MvBriefArticleId=21742
- Malik Aqueel Raheem & Kimberly A. Hart. (2019). Counseling Individuals of African Descent. Counseling Today. https://ct.counseling.org/2019/03/counseling-individuals-of-african-descent/
- Jane Stevens. (2015). Adding Layers to the ACEs Pyramid -- What Do You Think? ACEs Connection. https://www.acesconnection.com/blog/adding-layers-to-the-aces-pyramid-what-do-you-think
- Relando Thompkins-Jones. (2020). Representation Matters in Social work: We Need More Black Therapists. Notes from an Aspiring Humanitarian. https://notesfromanaspiringhumanitarian.com/representation-matters-in-social-work-we-need-more-black-therapists/
- Usha Tummala-Narra. (2020). What We Might Be Missing - Listening for Racial Stress in Session. National Institute for the Clinical Application of Behavioral Medicine [Video]. https://www.nicabm.com/listening-for-racial-stress-in-session/
- Thomas A. Vance. (2019). Addressing Mental Health in the Black Community. Columbia University Department of Psychiatry. https://www.columbiapsychiatry.org/news/addressing-mental-health-black-community
- Karina Zapata. (2020). Decolonizing Mental Health: The Importance of an Oppression-focused Mental Health System. Calgary Journal. https://calgaryjournal.ca/more/calgaryvoices/4982-decolonizing-mental-health-the-importance-of-an-oppression-focused-mental-health-system.html
- Black Mental Wellness. (https://www.blackmentalwellness.com/about-us-1). The mission of Black Mental Wellness, Corp. is to provide access to evidence-based information and resources about mental health and behavioral health topics from a Black perspective, to highlight and increase the diversity of mental health professionals, and to decrease the mental health stigma in the Black community.
- Institute for the Study and Promotion of Race and Culture. (https://www.bc.edu/content/bc-web/schools/lynch-school/sites/isprc.html) Director: Dr. Janet E. Helms, Ph.D. The Institute offers pragmatic information about teaching, conducting research, and applying interventions intended to promote the benefits of racial and ethnic cultural diversity and resolve related social problems. The Institute is unique in its emphasis on addressing psychological issues related to race and ethnic culture from an interdisciplinary perspective.
- Color of Change. (https://colorofchange.org/). Color of Change helps you do something real about injustice. We design campaigns powerful enough to end practices that unfairly hold Black people back, and champion solutions that move us all forward. Until justice is real.
- Embracing Equity. (https://embracingequity.org/). A social change agency dedicated to centering racial justice in education through racial and ethnic identity development, critical consciousness, and critical action.
- Project Implicit. (https://implicit.harvard.edu/implicit/). A project by Harvard researchers interested in implicit social cognition - thoughts and feelings outside of conscious awareness and control. The goal of the organization is to educate the public about hidden biases.
- Service Never Sleeps. (https://www.serviceneversleeps.org/) Tireless Action Toward Social Justice. Our mission is to empower individuals and communities to catalyze social justice through service and Allyship. Offers an Allyship Workshop.
- Showing Up for Racial Justice (SURJ). (https://www.showingupforracialjustice.org/about.html). SURJ is a national network of groups and individuals working to undermine white supremacy and to work toward racial justice.
- The Boris Lawrence Henson Foundation. (https://borislhensonfoundation.org/). The Boris Lawrence Henson Foundation's vision is to eradicate the stigma around mental health issues in the African-American community. Our mission is to support and bring awareness to mental health issues that plague our community.
- The Loveland Foundation. (https://thelovelandfoundation.org/). Loveland Foundation is committed to showing up for communities of color in unique and powerful ways, with a particular focus on Black women and girls. Our resources and initiatives are collaborative and they prioritize opportunity, access, validation, and healing. We are becoming the ones we’ve been waiting for.
- Transform Harm. (https://transformharm.org/). TransformHarm.org is a resource hub about ending violence. It offers an introduction to transformative justice and includes articles, audio-visual resources, curricula, and more.